In a termite colony, there is a caste system. You might say that there are "types" of termites. The king and queen stay in the heart of the colony and create offspring together. The soldiers protect the colony. The workers feed on wood and bring nourishment back to the colony. And male and female reproductives (often called swarmers) help with the development of new colonies. Many will become the kings and queens of their own colony. Each of these termites have different things that attract them and different things that repel them. Understanding these simple differences can help you protect your Charlotte home from termite damage.
There are only two termites you need to worry about attracting: workers and swarmers.
Workers tunnel under the ground and come into your yard. If they find food sources in your yard, they may create a satellite colony close to those sources. If budding occurs, the satellite colony can become a primary colony and threaten every source of wood on your property. Worker termites travel as far as the length of a football field in search of food.
Swarmers come onto your property by air. When they do, they look for suitable locations to create their new colonies. They are mostly attracted to areas of moisture. They know their offspring will need moisture because they have thin skins. They also know that in areas of moisture, they are likely to find rotting wood. Dampness promotes fungus, algae, mold and bacteria that break down wood.
If you remove sources of dead or decaying wood from your yard and address areas of moisture, you can make your Charlotte property less attractive. This won't ensure that you don't get a termite infestation. It will just help to reduce the odds. Here are some suggestions:
- Remove stumps and logs, and rake up sticks.
- Move wood piles or construction materials to at least 20 feet from your home.
- Replace wood trimming around landscaping with stone or some other material that does not have cellulose in it.
- Don't allow cardboard to lay on the ground. This is a food source for termites.
- Replace old wooden fencing with fencing that is not made of wood. Some PVC fencing can have a nice wood-like appearance.
- Take some time to inspect your gutter system. If a gutter system is clogged or broken, it can create dampness near your home.
- Look for areas around your home that allows puddles to develop. Raise these areas to allow the water to spread more evenly and dry up.
- Reduce tree canopy in areas that are densely shaded.
Of all the termites in a colony, the workers are the most dangerous to your home. They are the only termites in a termite colony that feed on wood. All the other termites get their sustenance from the workers. When workers come into your yard, they stay in their tunnels or inside the wood they're feeding on because they have a strong aversion to light. Unlike swarmers, which are attracted to light and can be seen outside during the day, workers remain completely hidden. This aversion to light is one of the reasons termite infestations are so difficult to detect.
For more information about termites, take a look at our Homeowners Guide to Termites.
Best Protection From Termites
Termites are sneaky. When they come into your yard and feed on your Charlotte home, you're not likely to know it. They're also very difficult to treat. For termite detection, elimination and prevention, it is best to call a certified professional like Proforce Pest Control. If you live in the Charlotte area, we can help you get on track easily. We offer a free, no-obligation inspection. We're here to help.